A small, 2.25m2, handmade Perrusson field tile
A small, 2.25m2 / 24.2 sq ft. handmade French ceramic encaustic tile in a palette of mid grey, sky blue and white.
Perrusson et Fils, Desfontaines, France c.1900, are strongly geometric in their tessellation, the design based on a star themed motif. While dating from the early 20th century they do have a mid-century modern feel.
There are 109 tiles, each 14.3cm sq. The tiles have cleaned well of their old mortar and years of layered wax revealing a quality ceramic in excellent condition.
A small floor, it can be laid in a porch, small bathroom, toilet or as a decorative feature in a larger room surrounded by a complimentary modern ceramic or an antique parquet.
Owing to the size of the floor it will likely only be economical to ship if it is purchased as part of a larger order.
The photo gallery shows photos of the recently restored family home, for decades in ruins, as well as photos of the Perrusson factory, large parts of which are still standing but long since closed.
Ceramiques Perrusson, Ecluses - a brief history;
Jean-Marie Perrusson was not only known for ceramic tile production but also for the production of bricks and roof tiles. Many of the lozenge themed terracotta mechanical tiles in Burgundy bear the Perrusson hallmark. He built his first brick making factory in 1860 and started mechanical tile production in 1863, to which he added a workshop for manufacturing ceramic tiles in 1875. Further expansion of the ceramic tile production in the Saône-et-Loire was initiated (in Saint-Julien-sur-Dheune in 1866, St. Pantaleon 1870), and even beyond the department (in Sancoins Cher in 1870 and Fontafié in Charente in 1878).
The company was renamed ‘Perrusson Fils et Desfontaines’ in 1890 and the factory also manufactured architectural ceramics and statues. In April 1960 the factory finally closed its doors. The vast majority of the original buildings constructed in 1890/1900 are destroyed with the offices, changing rooms of the factory, the concierge and the electrical workshop the only significant remnants of the site that can still be seen. The Perrusson factory employed 40 workers in 1860, 80 by 1874, 130 in 1890, 300 at its peak in 1900, 280 in 1930 and 130 during 1945 to 1950.
Antique tiles were most commonly made in single or two tile moulds. Before current computer automation methods their moulds were made my hand and the colour slips mixed by eye. Kiln temperatures could also be variable, as could the firing time. The result is that often tiles display subtle size and thickness variations and there can be tonal variations in colours, owing to the slip mixing and/or firing time. All of this makes these handmade tiles unique and adds to their charm. Some floors display their subtle variations in size and tones, some not, but when photographing we always take a random section of the floor so that it is representative of the whole. A tiler should always dry lay a section of the tiles to familiarise himself with them before starting to fix lay.